Child protection from violence, exploitation and abuse

Schooling seen as solution to child labour Friday, 3 September As children head back to school, UNICEF has embarked on a nation initiative to combat child labour with pilot programmes aimed at providing schooling to millions of children presently forced to work full time.

In Bangladesh, UNICEF-supported programmes have provided non-formal education and skills training to some 1, former child garment workers.

Solution Of Child Labour India has the largest number of children employed than any other country in the wilmergolding6jn1.gqing to the government of India, million children in the 6- 14 age group do not go to school and are engaged in some occupation or other% of the children work in hazardous conditions.
Child Labor is “work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children or interferes with their education. It is work, therefore, that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity.”.
1) Our first solution is to create more unions to protect and prevent against child labor. With more unions, more people will be encouraged to help against child labor and they will be aware of what is really happening inside the work force.
UNICEF estimates that around million children ages years in developing countries are involved in child labour. ILO estimates that around million children under 18 work, many full-time. Even though the prevalence of child labour has been falling, it continues to harm the physical and mental development of .
Solutions for Child Labor in Sri Lanka By: Randika De Mel The Island of Sri Lanka is located south of India in the Indian Ocean, and belongs to the Southern Asian region.

Work to promote awareness of child labor among citizens and consumers in developed countries, and among families and communities in developing countries where children are at risk, has proven to be an important part of the solution.

Todaro and Smith pointed out that instead of developed countries imposing trade sanctions to reduce child labor, they should focus on raising more public and private development assistance to help INGOs working on the issue of child labor. Similarly to Todaro and Smith , Boyden et al.

For example, consumers should boycott products such as carpets made in Pakistan, textiles made in Bangladesh, and toys from China, since child laborers are involved in the production of these goods. This is not a good approach because it has an adverse effect on the earnings of poor families in developing countries. Consumers in developed countries should understand why children in developing countries engage in child labor and concentrate more on improving the welfare of children by other means.

In addition, imposing import bans will have severe implications on developing country economies. The United States U. Nevertheless, this bill has been refined several times but has never been passed by Congress and the authors are not sure that this law will ever pass.

All actors such as trade unions, NGOs, private industries, and consumers should work collaboratively to improve the lives of child laborers and that the focus should be on emancipating children that are working rather than imposing trade sanctions on the export sector to eliminate child labor Boyden et al. At least in the short-term, child labor is difficult to prevent; due to this, laws and support services should be put in place to protect the rights of children.

According to Boyden et al. However, children in developing countries do not have an agency and decision making power. On the other hand, the authors argued that the main issue with the laws to protect children in developing countries is the lack of enforcement and a weak legal system. Finally, the literature showed that education seems to be a more effective solution for child labor in developing countries.

Additionally, enforcement of child labor laws should be strengthened and this can be done partly by the community playing a greater role by observing, acting, and not relying on law enforcement in developing countries Boyden et al. For the context of Sri Lanka, to solve the problem of child labor the main focus should be on education and to ensure that poor students stay in school without dropping out and engaging in child labor activities.

According to ILO b , education is the way that can prevent child laborers working full-time. Education is the most practical solution for the child labor problem in Sri Lanka because education creates opportunities for low income families and helps them break out of the cycle of poverty. Improving education in rural areas will help to reduce income inequality and poverty in Sri Lanka. Developing education opportunities for poor people from rural areas will help them have more employment opportunities and also will help them to migrate to urban areas for better employment prospects The World Bank, Thus, Sri Lanka needs to focus on improving the quality and accessibility of education and providing cash incentives to poor households to send their children to school.

On the other hand, developed countries imposing trading sanctions and consumer boycotts as a solution for child labor in Sri Lanka will be detrimental for the post-war economic development. Stringent enforcement of child labor laws could be difficult to achieve in Sri Lanka due to the constant political intrusion and corruption in the law enforcement and legal system of the country. Although Sri Lanka has universal free education, this has not helped to solve the problem of child labor due to lack of enforcement of the law ILO, For the year group, the non-participation rate is as high as To reduce the number of poor children dropping out, the government of Sri Lanka needs to improve the quality and accessibility of schools in impoverished areas and also provide financial incentives to poor families.

The distance to travel to school, lack of transport modes, and the lack of quality of the schools are some of the main reasons affecting school attendance in Sri Lanka Tilakaratna et al. In terms of accessibility of schools in Sri Lanka, the average distance to travel to school for poor children are more than for non-poor students The Department of Census, The government of Sri Lanka needs to continue working with INGOs focusing on education to improve the accessibility of schools in rural areas.

Additionally, in order to enhance quality of education in rural areas, school facilities such as libraries, laboratory, and computer facilities need to be upgraded; infrastructure facilities such as electricity, water, and sanitation need to be also upgraded to improve the attendance of students Tilakaratna et al.

Furthermore, schools in rural areas of the country need to be developed in order to prevent children dropping out of school and working as child laborers Vithanage, Moreover, teachers need to be provided with better facilities and compensation in rural areas to ensure that students are receiving a quality education. Now that the civil war is over, the Sri Lankan government should focus more on improving education in rural areas working with INGOs and the private sector.

Schools in the hinterland in Sri Lanka are not attractive to teachers because they tend to be far away from city centers and lack infrastructure facilities. As a result, to induce teachers into the hinterland, the government must provide teachers with proper accommodation to reside in rural areas and adequate infrastructure facilities in schools Tilakaratna et al. To entice teachers into rural areas they must been given a sufficient incentive package that covers their living expenses.

In addition, teachers and school administrators in schools can be used to teach local parents of the importance of their children receiving an education Tilakaratna et al.

Thus, this can help to reduce the school dropout rates in rural and urban impoverished regions of the country. For example, from my experiences, private schools regularly from a young age taught students about the worst forms of child labor mainly focusing on child sex tourism and the importance of completing mandatory schooling.

According to a study conducted by the Department of Probation and Child Care Services in Sri Lanka on child trafficking in the country, children not attending school were vulnerable to being trafficked into commercial sexual exploitation United States Department of Labor, The government of Sri Lanka already implements a mid-day meal program, grade-five scholarship program, and reduced costs for public transportation for students in order to encourage impoverished students to attend and complete school.

Nevertheless, parents, teachers, and school principals have asked for the welfare programs to be targeted properly towards impoverished students Tilakaratna et al. Especially, stationary, food, and clothing. Giving poor parents financial incentives will assist them in buying necessities and school supplies for their children as well as outweigh the opportunity cost of child labor. Sri Lanka will require adequate funding in order to improve the quality and accessibility of schools in rural areas and provide financial incentives to poor families to send their children to school.

Hence, the government of Sri Lanka needs to divert additional funds in the budget towards spending on education. On the other hand, developed country consumers boycotting Sri Lankan products made by child laborers and developed country governments imposing trade sanctions will have a negative effect on the growing Sri Lankan economy and stall the post-war development going on after the end of a year civil war.

Trade sanctions and consumer boycott are not practical solutions to the problem of child labor. For instance, after the civil war, the Sri Lankan economy grew by around 8. In addition, the Central Bank of Sri Lanka statistics showed that foreign direct investment for the first time was over one billion dollars.

Sri Lanka has already national laws safeguarding children and in order to prevent child labor. In spite of these laws, there is lack of enforcement and ineffective monitoring system of child labor laws in the country ILO, As a result, due to the weak enforcement of these laws by law enforcement does not help in solving the problem of child labor in Sri Lanka.

The Corruption Perception Index for Sri Lanka in was 40 out of and the country was ranked 79 out of countries with the least corrupt country having a higher score and lower ranking Transparency International Sri Lanka, The enforcement of laws without political interferences and having a strong monitoring system in the country needs to improve if violators of child labor laws are to be apprehended. The following research paper analyzed four solutions to the problem of child labor proposed by child labor researchers and advocates.

The four main solutions discussed in the paper are improving the access and quality of education, providing cash incentives to parents to send their children to school, imposing trade sanctions and consumer boycotts on goods produced by child labor, and creating stricter laws for child labor in developing countries.

This research paper argued that the most practical solution for Sri Lanka is improving the accessibility and quality of education in rural areas and providing cash incentives directly to poor families in order to send their children to school. Additionally, Sri Lanka already has strict laws protecting children; however, there is lack of enforcement and ineffective monitoring system of child labor laws in the country ILO, As a result, the Sri Lankan government, policymakers, INGOs, private sector, and the community must work collaboratively to ensure that children do not drop out of school and receive a quality education.

What works for working children. Central Bank of Sri Lanka. Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka. Child labour is the combined product of many factors, such as poverty, social norms condoning it, lack of decent work opportunities for adults and adolescents, migration, and emergencies. Child labour reinforces intergenerational cycles of poverty, undermines national economies and impedes achieving progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs. It is not only a cause, but also a consequence of social inequities reinforced by discrimination.

Children from indigenous groups or lower castes are more likely to drop out of school to work. Migrant children are also vulnerable to hidden and illicit labour.

Child labour is preventable, not inevitable. To support the achievement of Target 8. UNICEF supports communities in changing their cultural acceptance of child labour, while supporting strategies and programming to provide alternative income to families, quality education, and protective services. UNICEF also works with employers and the private sector to assess and address the impact of their supply chain and business practices upon children, and promote programmes that contribute to the elimination of child labour through sustainable solutions to address its root causes.

UNICEF also partners with civil society organizations to support a holistic child protection approach to child labour, contribute to the evidence base on child labour through research and data collection, and advocate across all stakeholders to end child labour. Visit the resources page for more information. Convention concerning the prohibition and immediate action for the elimination of the worst forms of child labour, International Labour Organisation, C, Convention concerning the minimum age for admission to employment, International Labour Organisation, C, Young Bolivians on working in one of the world's most dangerous mines.

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Child labor – when children are made to work when they are still minors of age – is an obstacle to this ideal childhood. Given below are the solutions to prevent or stop child labor. 7 . Solution Of Child Labour India has the largest number of children employed than any other country in the wilmergolding6jn1.gqing to the government of India, million children in the 6- 14 age group do not go to school and are engaged in some occupation or other% of the children work in hazardous conditions. Help to stop child labor by doing one thing on this list. An estimated million children are forced to work in factories, fields, and brothels all over the world. Help .