Retrieved 13 January Jeans Fabric and Clothing Decoration. Hot day, dirty job?
An early attempt was brown cotton duck , a bottom-weight fabric. The denim used was produced by an American manufacturer. Popular legend incorrectly states that it was imported from Nimes, France.
A popular myth is that Strauss initially sold brown canvas pants to miners, later dyed them blue, turned to using denim, and only after Davis wrote to him, added rivets. Initially, Strauss' jeans were simply sturdy trousers worn by factory workers , miners, farmers, and cattlemen throughout the North American West.
Later, the jeans were redesigned to today's industry standard of five pockets including a little watch pocket and copper rivets. Fewer jeans were made during World War II , but 'waist overalls' were introduced to the world by US soldiers, who sometimes wore them off duty. Historic photographs indicate that in the decades before they became a staple of fashion, jeans generally fit quite loosely, much like a pair of bib overalls without the bib. Indeed, until , Levi Strauss called its flagship product "waist overalls" rather than "jeans".
After James Dean popularized them in the movie Rebel Without a Cause , wearing jeans became a symbol of youth rebellion during the s. Examples of intentional denim distressing strictly to make them more fashionable can be seen as early as in Vogue's June issue. Acceptance of jeans continued through the s and s. Originally an esoteric fashion choice, in the s jeans may be seen being worn by men and women of all ages.
Traditionally, jeans were dyed to a blue color using natural indigo dye. Most denim is now dyed using synthetic indigo. Currently, jeans are produced in any color that can be achieved with cotton.
For more information on dyeing, refer to denim and the discussion there of using pigment dyes. In Levi Strauss introduced pre-shrunk jeans, which did not shrink further after purchase, allowing the consumer to purchase a correctly fitting size. The are almost identical to the s with the exception of the button-fly.
The Levi's Corporation also introduced a slim boot-cut fit known as and The difference between the two is the s sit at the waist line and the s sit below the waist line. Later, Levi's would develop other styles and fits such as the loose, slim, comfort, relaxed, skinny, and a regular fit with a tapered leg. Ripping or distressing of jeans, though also arising naturally as a result of wear and tear, is sometimes deliberately performed by suppliers - with distressed clothing sometimes selling for more than a nondistressed pair.
Consumers wanting jeans that appear worn can buy jeans that have been specially treated. To give the fabrics the worn look, sandblasting done with chemicals or by adding pumice stone to the washing process or abrading with sandpaper is often done.
A typical pair of blue jeans uses gallons liters of water during its life cycle. This includes the water to irrigate the cotton crop, manufacture the jeans, and the numerous washes by the consumer. The production of jeans with a "used look" can be more environmentally damaging than regular jeans  [ citation needed ] , depending on how the waste compounds are processed. Sandblasting and treating with sandpaper has the risk of causing silicosis to the workers, and in Turkey , more than 5, textile workers have been stricken with this disease, and 46 people are known to have died.
Some companies have announced they are banning the use of sandblasting. Despite most jeans being "pre-shrunk", they are still sensitive to slight further shrinkage and loss of color from being washed. The Levi Strauss company recommends avoiding washing jeans as much as possible. Carl Chiara, Levi Strauss director of brand and special projects, has a credo: The less you wash your jeans, the better your jeans become.
Unzipped , clarifies in a response to such a criticism:. Our advice is to wash less often, but clearly, you have to judge for yourself what's appropriate. Hot day, dirty job? Cold day, office job? Maybe you can wear them twice or more before they go back to the washing machine. Personally, if I wear a pair of jeans to work on Friday—cool climate, office job—I tend to wear them on Saturday.
And if Saturday is spent indoors and I'm not spilling food all over myself, I might even wear them on Sunday. For those who prefer to refrain from washing their jeans there have been suggestions to freeze them in order to kill the germs that cause odor. However, this advice has been disputed as ineffective and replaced with the suggestion of baking them for ten minutes at degrees Fahrenheit.
Jeans are covered under laws regarding trousers. As well, there have been some notable legal cases involving jeans specifically:. In Rome , Italy , in , a year-old driving instructor was accused of rape. When he picked up an year-old girl for her first driving lesson, he allegedly raped her for an hour, then told her that if she was to tell anyone he would kill her.
Later that night she told her parents and her parents agreed to help her press charges. While the alleged rapist was convicted and sentenced, the Italian Supreme Court overturned the conviction in because the victim wore tight jeans. It was argued that she must have necessarily had to help her attacker remove her jeans, thus making the act consensual "because the victim wore very, very tight jeans, she had to help him remove them The Italian Supreme Court stated in its decision "it is a fact of common experience that it is nearly impossible to slip off tight jeans even partly without the active collaboration of the person who is wearing them.
Coupled with wider hips, wide flare-legs will make your legs look very short. Consider either distressed jeans from Chip and Pepper, ultra-dark jeans from Joe's Jeans, or Juicy Couture jeans to flatter your curvy figure. If you have athletic legs and narrow hips, consider a low-rise jean with a contoured waistband.
Legs that taper out to a graceful and generous boot-cut are also flattering without giving you the retro bell-bottom look. Or, to give the appearance of wider hips and a fuller backside, choose a cigarette - style jean. If your legs are particularly muscular, consider buying jeans in a size larger than you would normally wear and get them tailored to fit your frame.
Choose a traditional five-pocket style of jean that is not too snug and has a little give to accommodate your body. Go with a mid-rise jean and steer clear of much lower rises, which will give you the appearance of being larger than you really are. Exaggerated flare-leg jeans should be avoided in favor of straight-leg jeans or a boot-cut. Many jeans from Gap, Levi's, or Old Navy are woven with spandex, so that they stretch nicely to your frame.
Citizens of Humanity jeans are also hugely popular due to a mix of 2 percent Lycra and 98 percent cotton denim, which results in a slimmer, taller appearance. Remember that a slight flare at the leg opening, such as a boot-cut, will help to balance a wider or fuller figure, as well as make your legs look longer.
Exaggerated flare-leg jeans will make curvier body types look short and heavy, but they work well on a slimmer body type. Always opt for jeans in darker shades, as they have a naturally slimming effect. Choosing the right style of jeans to flatter your figure will increase your comfort and complement your overall look.
When buying jeans, it's all about the fit. To get the best fit, you will need to measure yourself correctly. Measure your waist and hips with measuring tape, and make sure to leave the tape slightly loose.
Note that your actual waist measurement will not equal jean waist size. For example, a person with a inch waist typically wears jeans with a inch waist. To get your inseam, take a pair of pants that fit well and measure from the crotch down. Refer to the seller's sizing chart to see which size is best for you. Most brands have sizing charts available on their official websites. Remember, despite sizing charts, some jeans will run smaller or larger than others. So, when buying Seven jeans, opt for a size larger than you might normally choose.
Once you know what type of jeans you want, go to the Fashion portal on eBay, click Women ' s Clothing , then click Jeans , and start searching for item listings. Make the searching process easier by using product filters and keyword searches. If you are unable to find exactly what you are looking for, shop in eBay Stores , tell the eBay community what you want by creating a post on Want It Now , or save a search on My eBay, and eBay will email you when a match becomes available.
Before you purchase jeans on eBay, make sure you know exactly what you are buying, research your seller, and understand how eBay and PayPal can protect you.
Following a few simple guidelines will make a difference between a good or bad experience. Carefully read the details in each listing. If the seller has provided measurements for the jeans, check to make sure they will fit you. Factor delivery costs into the final price. If you spend a lot of money, make sure the seller will insure the jeans when they ship. Buying insurance on expensive purchases can be a good investment. If something happens to your package during the shipping process, you will be protected.
If you want more information about an item, ask by clicking the "Ask a question" link at the bottom of the listing page.
Transactions conducted outside of eBay are not covered by eBay protection programs. Never pay for your eBay item using instant cash wire transfer services or personal check. These payment methods are unsafe when paying someone you do not know. In the unlikely event that you do not receive your item or it is not as described, eBay Buyer Protection will cover your purchase price plus the original cost of shipping. With this protection, you will not lose any money that goes toward a purchase you are not able to use.
Research the seller so you feel positive and secure about every transaction. What is the seller's feedback rating? For a casual outfit, jeans with a light wash are the way to go. Go with a pair that are consistently light-colored, without faded areas, for a refined look. For something a bit edgier, go with faded or acid washes. The fit is up to you — light wash skinny fits create a sleeker silhouette, while relaxed fits look comfortable and more casual.
Wear high-waisted flares and a loose top for a laidback boho vibe. Go for a fitted pair of flares with just a little stretch to them to create a sleek, 70s-inspired silhouette. Try a medium wash and keep the other pieces fairly basic — a solid-colored blouse and your favorite pair of flats or wedges would work well. Choose a bag with retro details like fringe to continue the 70s-inspired tone. Pair distressed denim with a graphic tee for an edgier look.
Distressed jeans have strategic rips and faded areas on them. The amount of distress is up to you — for a polished look, go for a pair with just a few rips in the knee area.
For a more laidback style, try a highly distressed pair with fading and rips all over them. Pull on a graphic tee for a cool, vintage-inspired look. Add a black moto jacket and combat boots for a rock and roll vibe.
Try a pair of ballet flats and layer a cardigan on top for a softer look. You can buy distressed jeans that already have rips and fading, or you can make them yourself out of a regular pair. Wear a boyfriend fit for the ultimate easygoing look. Boyfriend cuts are baggy, oversized jeans that usually have lighter washes and strategic faded areas.
The loose fit makes them super comfortable and casual, but you can style them in a lot of different ways. Try a crop top, either fitted or billowy, for a feminine boho vibe. Pair them with a simple t-shirt, skinny belt, and flats or loafers for a preppier look. Create a sophisticated silhouette by pairing boyfriend jeans with a black bomber jacket and strappy heels or leather loafers.
Wear stretchy jeggings with a loose button-down. This look is both preppy and casual, and perfect for running errands or grabbing brunch with friends. Pair the jeggings with a loose-fitting button-down in a classic print, like vertical stripes.
Keep it untucked, and add a pair of bright-colored flats or boat shoes to spice things up a bit. The fabric is soft, so they're really comfortable. Go with a dark wash for a dressier vibe. Dark washes and black jeans are the easiest to dress up, since the silhouettes are already sleek.
Pair them with a fitted top or button-down and ankle boots for a sophisticated look. Single color tops in neutral tones, like dark gray, cream, or navy are the easiest to style. Try mixing things up with an interesting pattern or brightly-colored print for a more unique look.
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